Traditional Agricultural Tools & Methods

An Online Photo Exhibition on Traditional Agricultural Tools & Methods 



Its handle is made of a branch of sturdy wood and the tool itself is made of iron and is shaped like an arrowhead. It is used for uprooting of weeds


A plough or plow is a farm tool for loosening or turning the soil before sowing seed or planting. Ploughs were traditionally drawn by oxen and horses, but in modern farms are drawn by tractors. A plough may have a wooden, iron or steel frame, with a blade attached to cut and loosen the soil. It has been fundamental to farming for most of history.The earliest ploughs had no wheels, such a plough being known to the Romans as an aratrum. Celtic peoples first came to use wheeled ploughs in the Roman era. 


A scythe is an agricultural hand tool for mowing grass or reaping crops. Traditionally made of wood but now sometimes metal.The use of a scythe is traditionally called mowing, now often scything to distinguish it from machine mowing.


Used for digging and weeding operations (Fig. 9.7), it is made of materials similar to the Khilna with the exception that the iron end is flat.


A shovel has a broader blade that is curved inwards from left to right and is rounded or pointed at the tip. Blade length and shape can vary, depending on the intended use - you'll find shovels with extra long blades, saw-tooth edges, and ledges down the sides. The shovel blade tends to be larger than that found on spades.


It has a wooden plank to which wood/iron pegs, handle and bamboo shaft are fitted. It is used for breaking soil crust after rain and also for uprooting weeds


A pitchfork is an agricultural tool with a long handle and two to five tines used to lift and pitch or throw loose material, such as hay, straw or leaves.

The term is also applied colloquially, but inaccurately, to the garden fork. While similar in appearance, the garden fork is shorter and stockier than the pitchfork, with three or four thicker tines intended for turning or loosening the soil of gardens.

Pitchforks appear in artworks whose subject is associated with agriculture.


A pickaxe or pick is a hand tool with a hard head attached perpendicular to the handle. They are used as tools for landscaping, breaking up hard surfaces and as farming implements. It consists of a handle and a head made of metal that has both a pointed and blunt end. The pointed end breaks up hard surfaces, while the blunt end can be used to pry things up. A pickaxe can often break up soils that a shovel can't. Dry, hardened clay or rocky soils can be broken up using the sharp end of the axe.


A spade is a tool primarily for digging, comprising a blade - typically stunted and less curved than that of a shovel - and a long handle. Early spades were made of riven wood or of animal bones (often shoulder blades). After the art of metalworking was developed, spades were made with sharper tips of metal.

Horse-Drawn Cultivator

It is used to drive the horses behind their back while using both arms to operate levers on the New century cultivator.The cultivator shanks were controlled by foot stirrups.


Kerala's traditional sieve used to separate grain from rice. It is made from Eeta or Kkiatha, a plant like bamboo.

Winnowing is an agricultural method developed by ancient cultures for separating grain from chaff. It can also be used to remove pests from stored grain. Winnowing usually follows threshing in grain preparation

Key Ranch Windmill

They were originally horizontal and used for milling grain and pumping water.It is a mechanical water pumps to lift water up out of the ground for livestock ,usually cattle or sheep.


A dheki is an agricultural tool used for threshing, to separate rice grains from their outer husks, while leaving the bran layer, thus producing brown rice. Dhekis have generally fallen into disuse because of the availability of technologies such as combine harvesters that require much less physical labour.

Sugarcane harvester  

A sugarcane harvester is a large piece of agricultural machinery used to harvest and partially process sugarcane

The machine, originally developed in the 1920s, remains similar in function and design to the combine harvest

Chaff cutter

A chaff cutter is a mechanical device for cutting straw or hay into small pieces before being mixed together with other forage and fed to horses and cattle. This aids the animal's digestion and prevents animals from rejecting any part of their food.


Rake is a broom for outside use, a horticultural implement consisting of a toothed bar fixed to a handle, and used to collect leaves, hay, grass etc.

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© NSS Units 42 & 144  
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